Urinary incontinence or UI can be defined as the loss of urine control, or the incapability of a person to hold urine until you get into the restroom. As per reports, more than 12 million people in the US alone are hampered with the incontinence - male and while the female over age 50 are the more likely to have UI. Urinary incontinence, which can be called as a temporary condition that can give an underlying medical condition. This can range from discomfort of slight amount of urine loses to severe ones like the frequent wetting.
Incontinence is not often the result of aging but can be rampant among the older people. It is often caused by certain changes seen in our body function that may come from several diseases, use of medications, or due to some illness. At times, it can be called as the only symptom of a urinary tract infection.
When it comes to the types of urinary incontinence, there are several, let’s check some of them as under:
Urge incontinence - the incapability to hold the urine long enough in order to reach the restroom. It is often discovered among people who are known to have conditions like diabetes, dementia, stroke, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease,, but may be a sign of several other diseases or conditions, which would demand for medical attention.
Stress incontinence – is among the most common types of incontinence that involves the leakage of urine during exercise, sneezing, coughing, laughing, lifting heavy objects, or carrying some other kinds of body movements that can exert pressure over the bladder.
Functional incontinence – here the leakage can be caused due to a difficulty in reaching a restroom in some time owing to the physical conditions like arthritis.
Overflow incontinence – the leakage that can be caused when the quantity of your urine produced simply exceeds the capacity of the bladder to hold it.
When it comes to symptoms pertaining to urinary incontinence each individual can experience the symptoms in a different fashion and some of the symptoms may include as following:
Incapability to urinate
Pain experienced due to filling the bladder and/or the pain that is likned to urination without having any bladder infection
Progressive urinary stream weakness with or without the incomplete bladder emptying feeling
An increased urination rate without a proven bladder infection
A urge to rush to the restroom or lose urine if you doesn’t get to restroom in time
Abnormal kind urination or the changes seen in urination linked to a nervous system
Abnormalities like stroke, spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis
Urine leakage preventing activities
leakage of urine after surgery
Leakage of urine causing embarrassment
Frequent bladder infections
The symptoms of urinary incontinence can resemble to other conditions or medical issues so better consult your doctor.
For people with conditions like UI, it is vital to consult a good physician for a complete physical examination, which simply focuses on the systems pertaining to urinary and nervous systems, urine samples and reproductive organs. In a majority of cases, the patients will have to refer to a good urologist or a physician who specializes in these conditions or diseases pertaining to urinary tract.
The futher course of action for its treatment will be decided as per the following conditions:
Your overall health, age and medical history
The extent of the disease
The tolerance for specific medications, therapies or procedures
Expectations for the treatment course of the ailment
Include certain behavioral techniques like biofeedback, bladder training and pelvic muscle exercises.
Surgery is required when structural problems like abnormally positioned bladder or a blockage
Diet modifications like reducing caffeine in coffee, soda, and tea, and/or by reducing alcohol
You can find a number of products and devices, which are available for managing the ailment known as urinary incontinence. These specifically designed absorbent under clothing is available, which are no heavier than the usual underwear and can be easily worn under your daily clothes. The other incontinence products like washable, contoured cloth diapers with plastic covers and adult cloth diapers.
In some of the cases, this will depend upon the kind of incontinence and the other management options that have been proven to be an ineffective option, a catheter that can be inserted into the urethra in order to collect the urine. The catheters may be at times can be used on a constant basis wherein the tube connects to a bag attaching to leg. Men can use a kind of external catheter, condom catheter device, which can be placed over the penis and and it is then connects to a bag that attaches to the leg.
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